The Japanese Academy of Prosthetists and Orthotists (JAPO) was founded in May, 1993, as a professional organization consisted by national licensed prosthetists and orthotists. The mission of JAPO is to contribute to the welfare of handicapped, and towards medical and healthcare development. In addition, its aim is to fulfill our social responsibility by promoting scientific and educational attainments in the discipline of prosthetics and orthotics.
In the 1970’s when the rehabilitation medicine developed in Japan, related organizations such as The Association of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons and Japanese Orthotic and Prosthetic Association started to work together on the establishment of the common license system for prosthetists and orhotists(P&O). Although there were a few national facilities which accepted a small number of P&O technicians for training, there were no systematic P&O education programs available in Japan. However, there were several P&O private companies and organizations, which facilitated workshops under their apprenticeship system.
On the other hand, the development of rehabilitation medicine, orthopedics and related health care fields had been conspicuous, and demand for P&O education was increasing. In 1983, the first Japanese P&O educational program started in The College of The National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled. This 3-year program became the base of P&O education in Japan. However, it took another 6 years to establish the Law of Prosthetists and Orthotists.
Under the Law of Prosthetists and Orthotists, the national license is given once a year to the candidates who passed the examination and graduated from fully accredited colleges. Table 1 shows the number of approved facilities in Japan. This year, the 27th national examination was held in Tokyo. The total number of candidates who have passed the examination so far is 4,287.
|Name||Year of Approval||Capacity||Program|
|The College of National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled||1988||10||3 years (Diploma)|
|Japan College of Rehabilitation and Welfare Professionals||1988||30||3 years (Diploma)|
|Kumamoto College of Medical Science and Social Welfare||1989||25||3 years (Diploma)|
|Kobe College of Medical Welfare Sanda Campus||1997||30||3 years (Diploma)|
|Seibu Gakuen Bunri College of Nutrition and Medical Technology||2005||28||3 years (Diploma)|
|Hokkaido High-Technology College||2006||30||3 years (Diploma)|
|Hokkaido Institute of Technology||2006||30||4 years (Bachelor)|
|Niigata University of Health and Welfare||2007||40||4 years (Bachelor)|
|Kobe College of Medical Welfare Sanda Campus||2008||30||4 years (Advanced Diploma)|
|University of Human Arts and Sciences||2011||30||4 years (Bachelor)|
Table 1 Approved Facilities in Japan
5 regional chapters and 9 committees are organized to run the Academy. Fig. 1 shows its structure.
Fig.1 JAPO Structural Diagram
JAPO provides information and holds educational events to the members through scientific meetings, seminars, and journals.
2014 Education Calendar
July 5.-6. Annual Scientific Meeting
The 21st Scientific Meeting of JAPO in Kanazawa
Aug. 7. Southern Chapter
Get Familiar with Materials. "Metals"
Sep.13. Northern Chapter (Northeastern Region)
Intractable Decubitus and a Prosthetist and Orthotist.
Oct.5. Western Chapter
Friendly Clinic for Research Methodology
Nov.1. Eastern Chapter
Hand on Seminar on an Ischial Containment Socket Part 6.
"To Master Accurate Knowledge and Techniques."
Nov.15. Northern Chapter
Understanding Multidisciplinary Team Approach. 1st session
"The role of a prosthetist and orthotist in designing and evaluation for a disorder.
Discussion on an optimal angle setting for a hemiplesia"
Nov 29. Central Chapter
Seminar on Spinal Cord Injuries. "From Evaluation of Functional Deficit to Walking Again"
Feb. 1. Southern Chapter
Learn from Masters! Casting and Measuring Method for Foot Orthoses
Feb.15. Western Chapter
Basic Knowledge for Lower Limb Orthoses for Hemiplegia.
"Understanding electromyogram and its clinical application."
Date: Not yet announced.
Northern Chapter Case and Technical Report meeting
-The Journal of JAPO has been published quarterly.
-Cooperation with related organizations in the field of health care and medicine.
4,287 candidates have passed the national examination as of April 1, 2013. The Academy Membership Statistics is summarized in Table 2.
|Type of membership||Number|
Table 2. Membership Statistics
Gishikaikan #202, 32-7 5-choume, Hongou, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
We accept E-mail only.
- Japanese Orthotics and Prosthetics Association
- Japanese Society of Prosthetics and Orthotics
- Japanese National Member Society of the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics